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Orchids Cultivation

 

 
辛巴威園藝恢復計劃獲得巨大推動
 

中興大學 生物系統工程研究室 陳加忠

 
 

辛巴威政府土地,農業,水和農村安置部(the Ministry of Lands, Agriculture, Water and Rural Resettlement) 起草的《園藝恢復和增長計劃the Horticulture Recovery and Growth Plan》將恢復私營部門和政府的大量投資,恢復用於出口的水果,蔬菜和其他園藝產品的生產,並擴大該部門。

這個期望與國家2030年遠景規劃,目的在通過2030年達到上中等收入水準。通過從農業的改造自52億美元增加到US 80億美元。 

如設想的那樣,園藝恢復和增長計劃不僅將促進出口,還將推動農村收入。到2030年使參與計劃的小農戶的家庭平均收入增加2000美元。

辛巴威目前階段是花卉,蔬菜和其他園藝產品的主要的出口國而且正在增長。其頻繁的航班將這些產品空運到歐洲市場。 隨著該部門的復興以及小農和農村社區的參與,可以找到更多可能的市場以及更多的本地消費產品。

新聞,廣播電視大臣(Publicity and Broadcasting Services Minister ) Monica Mutsvangwa在昨日的內閣會議後表示,設想的計劃是《農業和糧食系統轉型戰略(2020-2025年)the Agriculture and Food Systems Transformation Strategy (2020-2025).》的實施機制。該計劃將利用私營部門與農村社區在該國的園藝轉型中存在的相互兼容性。園藝恢復和增長計劃著重於兩個廣泛而又相輔相成的領域,即:私營部門帶動的常規園藝分部的恢復;以及強大包容,可持續和變革性的農村園藝分部。恢復計劃將需要私營部門和合作夥伴提供10億美元,而總統園藝計劃將使180萬農村家庭受益,費用為1.86億美元。

後一種方案將包括植樹;鄉村營養園;青年蔬菜和園藝區塊和果園。

還將包括在預期計劃中的是學校的蔬菜和園藝項目,這符合政府的立場。即通過將教育與生產相結合的課程來增強學習者的能力。

生產方面的研究,開發和創新,本地蔬菜和水果的主流化,加工,增值和選種也是《園藝復甦與增長計劃》的一部分,該計劃的主要重點是發展國內和出口市場。為了確保可行性,確保總統計劃的可持續性和抗氣候變化,將在全國所有村莊和學校建立超過25,000個工作點。

Mutsvangwa說。預計到2025年,將建立一個充滿活力的農村農業產業,同時恢復傳統的園藝分部。此外據預測,將在2025年創建美元 12.17億元農村園藝經濟,到2030年成長到 3 5 十億美元。這將等同於在2025年每戶收益為675美元,20302000美元。

包括總統的計劃,預測園藝增長。預計從2025年起產14.69億美元的出口收入。這位部長強調指出,計劃的實施將得到園藝發展委員會的支持,而總統計劃將由部際工作組進行協調。兩個都將與國家園藝工作組保持一致。發展理事會將包括在生產和銷售中必不可少的園藝商品協會。

該工作組是一個多方協調平台,聯絡一起參與部門代表的所有政府部門的園藝價值鏈。

該平台將包括辛巴威儲備銀行,辛巴威銀行家協會,園藝發展委員會,農業農村發展局,辛巴威貿易商,出口商以及其他從園藝業中汲取的專業人才。

工作組將在專題工作組的支持下監督該計劃的執行情況。

農業仍然是辛巴威經濟的重要組成部分,因為它創造了就業機會並減少了貧困。農業佔國內生產總值的15%至18%(預計將增長至20%),佔正式就業總人數的23%,並為接近70%的農村居民(其中54%為婦女)提供生計。大約63%的工業原材料和60%的製造業增加值來自農業。在出口收入中,農業佔有30%的比例。在辛巴威的31個產業集群中,有15個依靠農業作為原料。此外,正規的三分之一勞動力由農業相關的就業。

農業國內生產總值中約有64%來自玉米(14%),煙草(25%)和棉花(25%)。牛肉和漁業提供了10%和24%。來自從綿羊,山羊,豬,家禽。煙草,棉花,糖,園藝,茶和香蕉合計佔全國出口值的40%。

Horticulture recovery plan gets huge boost

 07 OCT, 2020 - 00:10

 https://www.herald.co.zw/horticulture-recovery-plan-gets-huge-boost/

Elliot Ziwira Senior Reporter

Production of fruit, vegetables and other horticulture products for export are to be revived and the sector expanded with major investment from the private sector and the Government under the Horticulture Recovery and Growth Plan drafted by the Ministry of Lands, Agriculture, Water and Rural Resettlement.

This dovetails with the national Vision 2030, aimed at achieving an upper middle-income status by that year, through transformation of agriculture from a US美元5,2 billion to US美元8 billion sector.

As envisaged, the horticulture recovery and growth plan will not just boost exports, but also drive rural incomes adding US美元2 000 to the average household income for participating small-scale farmers by 2030.

Zimbabwe was at one stage a major and growing exporter of flowers, vegetables and other horticultural products with frequent flights airlifting these products to European markets.

With revival of the sector and the inclusion of small-scale farmers and rural communities more possible markets could be found as well as more products for local consumption.

Information, Publicity and Broadcasting Services Minister Monica Mutsvangwa said after yesterday’s Cabinet meeting that the envisioned plan is an implementation mechanism for the Agriculture and Food Systems Transformation Strategy (2020-2025).

The plan, Minister Mutsvangwa said, would tap into the mutual compatibility existing between the private sector and rural communities in horticultural transformation in the country.

“The Horticulture Recovery and Growth Plan focuses on two broad and mutually reinforcing areas, namely: a private sector-driven recovery of the conventional horticulture sub-sector; and a robust, inclusive and sustainable and transformative rural horticulture sub-sector,” she said.

The recovery plan would require US美元1 billion from the private sector and partners while the Presidential Horticulture Scheme, would benefit 1,8 million rural households at a cost of US美元186 million.

The latter scheme would comprise household tree planting; village nutrition gardens; ward-based youth vegetable and horticulture patches and orchards.

Also to be included in the anticipated scheme were schools vegetables and horticulture projects which was in line with the Government’s stance to empower learners through curricula that embrace education with production.

Research, development and innovation in production, mainstreaming of indigenous vegetables and fruits, processing, value addition and beneficiation were also part of the Horticultural Recovery and Growth Plan, whose main thrust was to develop both the domestic and export markets.

To ensure viability, guarantee sustainability and climate-proof the Presidential scheme, over 25 000 boreholes would be sunk in all villages and schools across the country.

“It is envisaged that by 2025, a vibrant rural agro-industry would have been established alongside a rejuvenated conventional horticulture sub-sector.

“Furthermore, it is projected that altogether a US美元1,217 billion annual rural horticulture economy will be created by 2025, growing to US美元3,5 billion by 2030. This will be equivalent to income amounting to US美元675 and US美元2 000 per household by 2025 and 2030, respectively,” Minister Mutsvangwa said.

The predicted horticulture growth, inclusive of the Presidential programme, is projected to generate US美元1,469 billion in export earnings from the year 2025 onwards.

The minister highlighted that the plan’s implementation would be supported through the Horticulture Development Council , while the Presidential scheme would be coordinated by an inter-ministerial taskforce.

“Both will be aligned to the National Horticulture Working Group. The development council comprises horticulture commodity associations essential in the production and marketing.

The working group was a multi-stakeholder coordination platform brining together all in the horticulture value chain with all Government ministries involved in the sector represented, Minister Mutsvangwa said.

The platform would include the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe, the Bankers Association of Zimbabwe, the Horticulture Development Council, the Agricultural Rural Development Authority, Zimtrade, exporters, and other professionals drawn from the horticulture industry.

The working group would oversee implementation of the plan with the support of thematic working groups.

Agriculture remains a key component in Zimbabwe’s economy as it creates employment and reduces poverty.

Agriculture contributes 15-18 percent (expected to grow to 20 percent) of gross domestic product, 23 percent to total formal employment and offers livelihoods to close to 70 percent rural citizens (54 percent of them women).

About 63 percent of industrial raw materials and 60 percent of manufacturing value addition come from agriculture.

In export earnings, agriculture enjoys a 30 percent share. Of the 31 industry clusters in Zimbabwe, 15 rely on agriculture for feedstock. In addition, a third of the formal labour force is supported by agriculture-related employment.

About 64 percent of agricultural GDP comes from maize (14 percent), tobacco (25 percent) and cotton (25 percent).

Beef and fisheries provide 10 percent and 24 percent comes from sheep, goats, pigs, poultry. Tobacco, cotton, sugar, horticulture, tea and bananas jointly account for 40 percent of national exports value.