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南非農業應對不確定性的應對策略

面對人工智慧的風險

 

 

非洲產業研究中心

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星火計劃之介紹
 

中興大學 生物系統工程研究室 陳加忠

 
 

星火計劃為非洲產業研究中心正在執行計劃,相關內容介紹如下。計畫執行脽然不易,但這是以台灣科技實力增加國際影響力的一種嘗試。

一、星星之火計劃

取義於"星星之火,可以燎原"。以一個小計劃建立一套農業商業化生產技術,其特色為完整性,可複製,可以放大,可以推廣。使得開發中國家如東南亞、中南美洲與非洲小農,能夠由自給自足式農業變為商業性農業,以提昇農民收入。

二、計畫特點

().以高經濟作物為對象,生產時間短,收益高,技術成分比重高。舉例:

a.蔬菜、菇類、果樹、特作(如草藥)

b. 農產加工品

(). 產業選擇之條件

1.適合當地氣候與土壤性質之高經濟作物。

2.作物生產有技術門檻。

3.台灣農業之技術強項。

4.市場需求量大。

三、實施方式

1.依生產基地之特色(氣候、土壤、水源、市場距離等)選定生產對象

2.組織生產團隊,擬定生產計劃

3.於生產基地進行小規模生產

4.台灣專家提供技術與資材,並建立標準作業程序(SOP)

5.於生產過程,進行滾動式管理,逐次修正栽培技術與SOP

6.藉由生產過程,進行人才訓練

7.訓練內容包括生產流程管理,資材應用,採收後處理,儲運,市場行銷等完整流程。

8.進行利潤分析,以成本結構擬定改善項目

9.由步驟5~8,進行循環式生產改善。

四、推廣與擴大規模

上述的生產模式,具有如下特色:

1.產業化-有經濟效益

2.文件化-廣義性文件,非僅限於文字說明

3.標準化,SOP作業

4.規模容易放大

5.配合人才訓練,培育當地種子老師擴大技術傳播

 

World Taiwan Foundation- Spark Project

I. The Spark Project

Taken from "a single spark can start a prairie fire". Establish a complete set of agri-business production technologies in a small plan. The characteristics of this plan are can be replicated, scaled up, and promoted. Turn smallholder farmers of developing countries, such as Southeast Asia, Central and South America and Africa, from subsistence agriculture to commercial agriculture and then to increase farmers’ income.

 

II. Project features

(1).The production subjects are the high economic crops. The production is short time, high profit, and high requirement of the technology.

 For example:

a. Vegetables, Mushrooms, fruits, etc.

b. Agricultural processing products

 

(2). Conditions for industry selection

1. High economic crops, suitable for local climate and soil properties.

2. There are technical thresholds for this production.

3. Technical strengths of Taiwan's agriculture.

4. The market demand is high.

III. Implementation

1. According to the characteristics of production objects to select the production base, considering climate, soil, water source, market distance, etc.

2. Organize the production team and draw up the production plan

3. Small-scale production at the production base

4. Taiwan experts provide technology and inputs, and establish standard operating procedures (SOP)

5. In the production process, carry out rolling management, successively revise the cultivation technology and SOP

6. Carry out talent training through the production process

7. The training content includes detail process includes production process management, inputs application, post-harvest processing, storage, transportation, and marketing.

8. Carry out profit analysis and formulate improvement projects based on cost structure

9. From steps 5 to 8, carry out cyclical production improvement.

 

IV. Promotion and expansion

The above-mentioned production model has the following characteristics:

1. Industrialization – economic benefit.

2. Documented - Generalized documents, not limited to text descriptions

3. Standardization, with SOP operation

4. Easy to scale up

5. Talent training - training local seeding teachers to expand technology